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Ohrid, Macedonia

29 June - 6 July 2014



Metabolism of today is no longer the Metabolism of heroic period of the sixties. It was ‘invented’ in Japan by a group of then young architects and theoreticians like Fumihiko Maki and Noboru Kawazoe, during the preparation for 1960 Tokyo World Design Conference. They were influenced by a wide variety of sources including Marxist theories and biological processes. Their manifesto was a series of four essays titled: Ocean City, Space City, Towards Group Form and Material and Man, and it also included designs for vast cities that floated on the oceans and plug-in capsule towers that could incorporate organic growth.

Japanese Metabolism had its golden moment at the Expo ‘70 in Osaka, when three generations of architects (Tange-Kikutake-Kurokawa) found themselves united under a common denominator of architecture, which functions like a living organism, leaving the (architectural) world breathless. Members of Archigram, just like Le Corbusier in the Czech town of Zlín forty years previously, came to see the realization of “their” ideas at large scale.

Kengo Kuma, however, is critical of such interpretation: “The Metabolism and the ‘philosophy of symbiosis’ of Kisho Kurokawa could not remove themselves from seeing organisms in the manner of the nineteenth century. Architecture undoubtedly provides shelter to organisms, but there is absolutely no need for architecture itself to resemble organisms. An organism is not autonomous, but instead, by assimilating and excreting external matter at incredible speed, it escapes an increase in entropy and manages to live on. Such approach was of course absent in Le Corbusier’s teleological or functionalist vision of organisms, Wright’s idea of organic architecture and Kurokawa’s philosophy of symbiosis.

In 2002, at the time of construction of his Sendai Mediatheque, Toyo Ito presented his own version of the emergence of the Metabolism: “Architecture can be compared to the human body, which is composed of the musculature and the skeleton. But for the human body to function, it needs a brain that tells the body what to do, thus a different dimension. Basically, it is the same with architecture. The physical, the visible, is controlled by the invisible, the thoughts, the soft substance”.

For Yoshiharu Tsukamoto and Momoyo Kajima of Atelier Bow-Wow the essence of the Metabolist concept is not the internal functioning of isolated objects, but a horizontal expansion at urban level. They established concept of „Void Metabolism” which grasped rhythm and patterns of urban regeneration in Tokyo. They draw upon premises of the new generation of houses in Tokyo based on critical understanding of the behaviour of house types in the 20th century Tokyo.

Metabolism is deeply rooted not only in Japanese, but in Macedonian architecture as well, mostly through Kenzo Tange’s winning competition scheme for redevelopment of the capital town of Skopje, after the great earthquake which occurred on July 26th, 1963. Through the ages, city of Ohrid has developed upon its own ‘metabolistic’ patterns. The idea behind the workshop theme is to research these patterns and to find ways to emphasize improve or change them for the benefit of citizens and guests of this wonderful settlement.



Yoshiharu Tsukamoto & Momoyo Kaijima’s Tokyo-based architectural firm, Atelier Bow-Wow, is among the most innovative practices working today. Achieving near cult status among architects and students around the world, Tsukamoto and his collaborator Momoyo Kaijima have built a career confronting the challenges posed by the dense urban environments of Japan. The pair’s interests range from urban research to architectural design and public artwork.
Their much-published work includes award-winning houses such as Mini House (1999) and House & Atelier Bow-Wow (2005), while recent projects such as the Hanamidori Cultural Centre (2005) mark an expansion towards a larger scale. Atelier Bow-Wow has also been highly active in research, publishing a number of innovative and influential books on vernacular architecture, particularly 'Pet Architecture Guidebook' and 'Made in Tokyo'. Their artwork has been exhibited around the globe, and has been included in biennales in Korea, China, Japan, Italy and Brazil.
1992 Atelier Bow-Wow Established by Yoshiharu Tsukamoto and Momoyo Kaijima in Tokyo
Yoshiharu Tsukamoto / 1965 Born in Kanagawa, Japan / 1987 Graduate from Tokyo Institute of Technology / 1987-88 Guest Student of L'ecole d'architecture, Paris, Bellville (U.P.8) / 1994 Graduate from Post-graduate school of Tokyo Institute of Technology, Dr.Eng. / 2000- Associate Professor of Tokyo Institute of Technology / 2003, 2007 Visiting Faculty of Harvard GSD / 2007, 2008 Visiting Associate Professor of UCLA / 2011~2012 Visiting professor of Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Architecture School / 2011 Visiting professor of Barcelona Institute of Architecture
Momoyo Kaijima / 1969 Born in Tokyo, Japan / 1991 Graduate from Japan Women's University / 1994 Graduate from Graduate school of Tokyo Institute of Technology, M.Eng. / 1996-97 Guest student of E.T.H / 1999 Graduate from Post-graduate school of Tokyo Institute of Technology / 2000- Assistant professor of University of Tsukuba / 2003 Visiting Faculty of Harvard GSD / 2005-07 ETHZ Guest Professor / 2009- Associate professor of University of Tsukuba / 2011-2012 Visiting professor of Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Architecture School


Vinko Penezić & Krešimir Rogina, Penezić & Rogina architects, Zagreb Croatia

Vinko Penezić (born in Zagreb, Croatia in 1959) and Krešimir Rogina (born in Rijeka, Croatia in 1959) are collaborating since 1979. Establish PENEZIĆ & ROGINA architects in 1991. Zagreb School of Architecture graduates. Postgraduate studies at Belgrade School of Architecture with Prof. Ranko Radović, (from 1983 to 1990).
Prizes at competitions in Japan in 1984, 1990, 1995, 1996, 1999 and 2001. A number of projects of various architectural typologies. Silver medal at INTERARH World Biennale in Sofia, 1987. Grand Prix at Belgrade Salon of Architecture in 1988. Viktor Kovačić and Bernardo Bernardi Awards in 1997 and Vladimir Nazor National Award for Architecture in 2002. Croatian representatives at the Venice Biennale 2000 with exhibition Transparency of the Hyperreal. Invited to participate at the Venice Biennale 2004 by director Kurt W. Forster with exhibit Absolute Internet. Also taking special interest in architectural theory and critics.
Main buildings: Mladost Swimming Pool and Athletic Stadium in Zagreb (1987 and 1999); Sacral complexes in Dubrovnik (St Michael 1987-) and Zagreb (Trnje 1994- and Dugave 1989-); Majetić family house near Zagreb (1999) and Social housing for war victims in Vukovar (2002) and Nova Gradiška (2003); Velebit office building in Zagreb (1985-1995); A number of interiors and TV sets.
Main bibliography: Book-box PENEZIĆ & ROGINA 59-79-04, Zagreb 2004; Paola Gregory: NEW SCAPES, IT Revolution in Architecture, Birkhäuser 2003; LESS AESTETICS, MORE ETHICS catalogue, Venice Biennale 2000. METAMORPH catalogue, Venice Biennale 2004.


Ohrid (Macedonian: Охрид) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia and the seat of Ohrid Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid and the eighth largest city in the country with over 42,000 inhabitants. It is located southwest of Skopje, close to the border with Albania.

Ohrid and its historic-cultural region are located in a natural setting of exceptional beauty, while town's architecture represents, with its old typical streets and houses and its particular atmosphere around old squares, the best preserved and most complete ensemble of ancient urban architecture of this part of Europe. Ohrid is notable for once having had 365 churches, one for each day of the year. Today Ohrid and Lake Ohrid, are a leading tourist center in Macedonia. Since 1979 Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

The international summer school of architecture and design will take place in the premises of the Ohrid high school “St. Clement of Ohrid”. The four floor building, built at the beginning of the 20th century, is located in the center of the city. The building is fully renovated at the end of the 20th century.


Students who have completed the sixth semester of architecture/design studies.


Attached to the application form (.docx), applicants should submit a max. 5 A4 pages Portfolio + CV (including photo) in pdf format to the following e-mail address:

Portfolios should be designed and formatted for on-screen viewing. Maximum file size is 3 MB.

The deadline for applications is 20 may 2014. Selected participants will be notified before 31 may 2014 by e-mail.

A certificate will be awarded on completion of the summer school, as well as 2 ECTS points.

Please note that places are limited!


Participation fee for the Summer School is 200 euros per participant.
Participation fee includes workshop, accommodation, meals and transportation Skopje – Ohrid – Skopje.

Students need to bring their own laptop computers.


For any other questions for the event itself feel free to contact us at:


Programme director
Kokan Grchev

Summer school coordinator
Elena Pazardzievska

Links and downloads

Application form (.docx)

In Partnership with

Ohrid Municipality

National Institution for Protection of Monuments of Culture and Museum - Ohrid

Ohrid summer festival