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Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia

28 June - 5 July 2015



The term Behavior is a recurring theme of interests of the Atelier Bow-Wow and it is a central point to a hypothesis for understanding the correlations between urban space and the behavior of human life and its built environment. Behaviorology is the study of behavior and relationships between behaviors concerning Human Beings, Natural Elements and Buildings. According to Bow-Wow, in the case of architecture it is the attempt to synthesize different elements/behaviors into the physical entity of one building. Architectural behaviorology aims to understand these different behaviors and their interactions in order to let them perform meaningfully in its specific context rather than to control them.  As already said, the concept of behavior doesn’t apply solely to human beings, and we can distinguish at least three main classifications relating explicitly to architecture and urban space:

Human Beings, and their daily, repetitive acts, inside and outside of the building, observed from a slight distance.
Natural Element, different environmental elements, such as light, heat, water, wind, acting consistently and dependably - following the basic rules of physics.
Buildings, viewed as sentient creatures, endowed with their own unique intelligence and defining set of living characteristics.

Furthermore, in order to make architecture intervene in the topic of behavior, form must be reconsidered as a complement to the categories above.

Behaviorology is not focused on an isolated event that can be explained in casual or functional terms but rather on a series of events that puts all actors – human and non-human – on an equal footing. Whether individuals and their daily activities, the natural environment and its physical laws, or buildings and their legal, economic, climatic, and structural circumstances, all are mutually dependent, and morph constantly in unique constellations. The three aforementioned behaviors are integrated into daily routine under the premise of repetition, but each carry within them specific timescales and rhythms. Through such an approach architectural design can establish new relationships with and in society. Those distinct, different categories of behavior, in reality are compound, and they form so-called ecosystem of behavior. Within this, architecture becomes the central node, its site and medium, capably synthesizing and facilitating these disparate interdependable behaviors. Architecture makes it possible for daily spatial practice to be properly situated in a much broader context. That which is usually considered solely the realm of social relationships is expanded to include nature and the whole of the cosmos, resulting in a liberation of the human imagination.

The idea behind the workshop theme, Behaviorology in Ohrid, is to examine and discuss the possibilities, to understand the behavior of different elements, and to explore the concept of architectural behaviorology, so we can make a study of Ohrid which provides a different perspective, a new interpretation, in the light of behaviorology, in order to gain a new knowledge.



Atelier Bow-Wowis one of the most innovative practices working today, achieving near cult status among architectural students around the world. Their interest lies in diverse fields ranging from architectural design to urban research and the creation of public artworks, which are produced, based on the theory called "behaviorology". The practice has designed and built houses, public and commercial buildings mainly in Tokyo, as well as in Europe and in the USA. Since 1992, Atelier Bow-Wow has designed and built more than 40 homes, public museums, and commercial buildings and published 16 books,

Yoshiharu Tsukamoto (1965) has been a partner of Atelier Bow-Wow since cofounding the firm in the 1992. Since 2000 he has been an associate professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, where he studied architecture and earned his PhD at the Kazunari Sakamoto Architectural Laboratory in 1994. He taught as a guest professor at Harvard GSD in 2003 and 2007, at UCLA in 2007 and 2008, at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 2011 to 2012, at the Barcelona Institute of Architecture in 2011, and at the Rice University.

Momoyo Kaijima(1969) has been a partner of Atelier Bow Wow since cofounding the firm in 1992. Since 2009 she has been an associate professor at the University of Tsukuba, where she was an assistant professor from 2000 to 2009. She studied architecture at the Japan Women’s University and at the Kazunari Sakamoto Architectural Laboratory at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. She taught as a guest professor at Harvard GSD in 2003, at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2007, at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 2011 to 2012, and at the Rice University.


Vinko Penezić & Krešimir Rogina, Penezić & Rogina architects, Zagreb Croatia

Vinko Penezić (born in Zagreb, Croatia in 1959) and Krešimir Rogina (born in Rijeka, Croatia in 1959) are collaborating since 1979. Establish PENEZIć & ROGINA architects in 1991. Zagreb School of Architecture graduates. Postgraduate studies at Belgrade School of Architecture with Prof. Ranko Radović, (from 1983 to 1990). Prizes at competitions in Japan in 1984, 1990, 1995, 1996, 1999 and 2001. A number of projects of various architectural typologies. Silver medal at INTERARH World Biennale in Sofia, 1987. Grand Prix at Belgrade Salon of Architecture in 1988. Viktor Kovaćić and Bernardo Bernardi Awards in 1997 and Vladimir Nazor National Award for Architecture in 2002. Croatian representatives at the Venice Biennale 2000 with exhibition Transparency of the Hyperreal. Invited to participate at the Venice Biennale 2004 by director Kurt W. Forster with exhibit Absolute Internet. Also taking special interest in architectural theory and critics. Main buildings: Mladost Swimming Pool and Athletic Stadium in Zagreb (1987 and 1999); Sacral complexes in Dubrovnik (St Michael 1987-) and Zagreb (Trnje 1994- and Dugave 1989-); Majetić family house near Zagreb (1999) and Social housing for war victims in Vukovar (2002) and Nova Gradiška (2003); Velebit office building in Zagreb (1985-1995); A number of interiors and TV sets. Main bibliography: Book-box PENEZIĆ & ROGINA 59-79-04, Zagreb 2004; Paola Gregory: NEW SCAPES, IT Revolution in Architecture, Birkhäuser 2003; LESS AESTETICS, MORE ETHICS catalogue, Venice Biennale 2000. METAMORPH catalogue, Venice Biennale 2004.


Ohrid (Macedonian: Охрид) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia and the seat of Ohrid Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid and the eighth largest city in the country with over 42,000 inhabitants. It is located southwest of Skopje, close to the border with Albania.

Ohrid and its historic-cultural region are located in a natural setting of exceptional beauty, while town's architecture represents, with its old typical streets and houses and its particular atmosphere around old squares, the best preserved and most complete ensemble of ancient urban architecture of this part of Europe. Ohrid is notable for once having had 365 churches, one for each day of the year. Today Ohrid and Lake Ohrid, are a leading tourist center in Macedonia. Since 1979 Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

The international summer school of architecture and design will take place in the premises of the Ohrid high school “St. Clement of Ohrid”. The four floor building, built at the beginning of the 20th century, is located in the center of the city. The building is fully renovated at the end of the 20th century.


Students who have completed their sixth semester of architecture/design studies.


Along with the application form, applicants should submit a max. 5 A4 pages Portfolio + CV (including photo) in pdf format to the following e-mail address:
Portfolios should be designed and formatted for on-screen viewing. Maximum file size is 3 MB.
The application deadline is 25 May 2015. Selected participants will be notified before 31 May 2015 by e-mail.

Upon completion of the summer school, a certificate + 2 ECTS will be awarded.

Please note that places are limited!


Participation fee for the Summer School is 200 euros per participant, which includes workshop, accommodation, meals and transportation Skopje – Ohrid – Skopje. Students need to bring their own laptop computers.


For further questions feel free to contact us at: | |


Programme director
Vladimir Deskov

Summer school coordinator
Elena Pazardzievska

Links and downloads

Application form (.docx)

In Partnership with

Ohrid Municipality

National Institution for Protection of Monuments of Culture and Museum - Ohrid

Ohrid summer festival